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World Heritage Program 

The World Heritage Program belongs to the mission of the UNESCO, which aim is to preserve the cultural and natural heritage and also to register them.

The program is run by the World Heritage Committee. The agreement was signed as the Convention Concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage in Stockholm on 16/11/1972.

Since the establishing it was ratified by more than 180 countries.

With signing the agreement all the participants bear responsibility of the preservation of those places in their own country, which could be important for the next generations. In case of invading the terms there is a chance to delay the place from the list of World Heritage. 

The first World Heritage titles were awarded (for 12 places) in 1978. Hungary became part of the program in 1987 with the following sights: the panorama of the Banks of the Danube, Buda Castle, Andrássy street and its historical surroundings, Hollókő with its landscapes and cultural heritage.

Karst Caves in Aggtelek and Slovakia - Natural World Heritage

The World Heritage Committee of UNESCO awarded the title Natural World Heritage to the Karst Caves in Aggtelek and Slovakia during the meeting in 06/12/1995 held in Berlin. 

Among the cultural and natural heritages of the world there are several caves, but these rather became part of the treasures of the humankind because of the cultural values, prehistorical artifacts, wall-paintings or religious relics. A cave as a natural value was awarded in case of two times until 1995. First the longest cave in the world was listed, the 560 km long Mammoth Cave (USA, Kentucky) and then the Skojcan Cave (Slovenia) with its largest underground runoff.

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At the same time with the Karst Caves in Aggtelek and Slovakia the Carlsbad Caverns (USA, New Mexico) was awarded, too, where the world famous caves Carlsbad and Lechuguilla can be found.

Regarding to the agreement the title can be awarded only to the most significant, relatively unharmed natural values, which can be protected efficiently. The main professional arguments of the Hungarian and Slovakian application were the versatility and complexity of the underground world and its relative untouchedness. There are more than 1200 various cave formation in the Karst Caves in Aggtelek and Slovakia, which area is divided into 2 parts by the frontier. There are 280 caves in Hungary.

The most well-known ones were created by streams, absorbs by sinkholes found on the cavernous limestone area. There are several caves in which water flows can be found during the whole of the year, in others when the snow melt, or in the period of heavy raining. But the most of them became inactive as the result of the formation of karst. This area is famous for its unusual shaped, vertical pit-caves and dolinas. On the Alsóhegy can be found the most dolinas on a given territory in the world.

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The versatility is completed by caves shaped by cold and tepid sources. These different kind of caves can be recognized by distinct shapes, sizes, locations. There are token cracks on the walls of the simple, branching or storied, labyrinth-like ducts. The versatility is completed by caves shaped by cold and tepid sources. These different kind of caves can be recognized by distinct shapes, sizes, locations. There are token cracks on the walls of the simple, branching or storied, labyrinth-like ducts.The same versatility characterizes the minerals of the caves like the huge, different shaped, size and colour stalactites, stalagmites, subsurface runoffs, deflected stalactites, stalactite pools, calc-tuff dams, cave pearls, aragonite bushes, peastones, calcite plates. Moonmilk decorates the entrances, where sometimes gypsum and ice formations can be seen.

The caves of the Esztramos mountain are also unique. The Rákóczi cave which can be found here is exceptionally beautiful. Its routes with the huge amount of formations were instrumental in getting the World Heritage title. (After the committee had a look at this cave the nomination was sure- said Dr. György Szentes)

The Rákóczi cave can be visited by anyone. 

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The biological, geological, palaeontological and archaeological importance of the caves are also notable. There are 500 different kind of species under the surface, some of them can be found only here or discovered first in these caves. Among the 28 bat species living in Europe, 21 lives on this territory.   

Near the well-know Baradla cave lies Szögliget, where the Hosszú-tetői cave is located. The archaeologists found unharmed troves from the pre-historic and metal age on this area. This region was observed by István Szenthe geologist, who suggested to start excavations here. The process has been still continuing.   

In the Baradla cave the different kind of petrogenesis are unmatched in the whole world. The skeletons found here help to understand the changing of the species during the past 4 million years. This breathtaking subsurface inspired several artists such as writers, poets, painters whose work entertains large number of people. Despite the rich historical past, this subsurface world largely unharmed, because most of the significant caves were discovered lately. 

 
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Programajánlatok/Programs

Cave tours

The visitors can choose among several cave tours. There are permanent and periodic tours, too.
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Tours on the surface

Well ellaborated study path and tour-route-system (Országos Kéktúra). Recommended map: Cartographia Gömör-Tornai karszt.
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School trips

The most important theme of the forest school is the relationship between the humans and nature and the explanation of the human-nature interaction.
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Információk/Useful information

ANPI Calendar 2012

You can check here the programs of the National Park in Aggtelek issued by the year of 2013. 
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Departure time and prices of the cave tours

You can check here the valid departure time and prices of the cave tours issed by ANPI for the year of 2012. 
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Departure time and prices of the surface tours

Here you can check the agenda 2012 valid departure time and prices for the surface tours. 
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Rólunk írták/Articles about us

Articles about us

It was written about us at the www.szallas.hu website.
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