Ecotourism on the territory of the National Park

Warning signs and pictograms instruct the tourists about the right behaviour. The tour leader should give instructions about the regulations in connection with an unknown territory. The nature sanctuary and the national park can be visited only with observing the regulations. Only the appointed paths and only during the appointed time period is appropriate for trekking. Everybody has to protect the environment by not using vehicles during the tours. To the substantial places we should go with the proper motivation and only with a few of people who are able to accommodate the competent experience. We should act like that on the area which is not part of the national park but has the same natural values. It can be useful if we have a look at the regulations in connection with the given place on the internet before we go trekking.

Viewing of the protected natural areas

The protected area can be:

  • off-limits
  • restricted
  • freely visitable

The off-limits areas are those territories which are sentient to changes, like nesting areas or those protected places which can be visited only by the purpose of scientific researches. These territories can be visited with admittance.

Restricted areas can be regulated because of:

  • vegetation period
  • special routes
  • special part of regions
  • vehicles (eg. places approched only on foot or by bycicle)
  • the way of visiting  (eg. only with pre-announcement, with a given number of people, only with tour leader)

Freely visitable territories:
There are no regulations in connection with the visitation.

Our ecological footprint – how far can we go with harming the environment?

To maintain our present living standard we would need an Earth with 1,4 times more natural resources. It means that we consume all the wealth within 10 months what the Earth can produce during a year.

The people on this planet are similar to a family who eat up all their store until October and for the last two months they need a loan to live on it. The only problem with this is that after a while there will be nobody who will lend us. Do you find it familiar?

Seriously, how can we calculate this? The answer is simply: statistically. The Global Footprint Network collect all the datas every year, from they create the ecological footprint of the countries. The ecological footprint compares the agricultural activities, forest and municipal water management of a country to their total consumption. This calculation shows, how much ecological resources does a country need to produce the applied wealth and locate the waste materials. (The footprint of a country summarize more than five thousand datas). Adding the footprints of the different countries we can obtain the results, where is that boundary over the growth is checked. The following map shows the ecological footprint of the mankind in 1961:  

Ökoturizmus

The darker green can be seen on the map the less the ecological footprint of a country is. The ecological footprints of the darkest countries like Canada, Australia and Finland owned one and a half larger ecological capacity than their consumption. (The USA passed its boundary with only 50 % during that time.) Those countries which are not green anymore, passed their boundaries 50 years ago. The more red a country is the less it can be maintained. India passed its ecological boundary with 50 % in 1961. By the year of 2005 the map changed a lot:

Ökoturizmus

The USA passes its ecological maintenance with 50-100 %, Mexico, China and India do the same with 100-150 %. The rate in case of Egypt, Spain, Great Britain or Japan is more than 150 %.  Australia and Canada can be still maintained, but this figure mainly because of the low-density and their provident economy. If we have a look at all the countries, it turns out that the humankind started to make both ends meet in the middle of 1980's.

Ökoturizmus

What does it mean if a country passes its own ecological boundary? The deficit goes hand in hand with environmental damage such as lack of water, erosion, the stagnation or set-back of the agriculture, extinction, fallback of fishing, the decreasing of the groundwater, the depletion of meadows, climate changing. These datas are the parts of the calculation.

How does the ecological footprint of Hungary look like? 

The ecological footprint of Hungary is currently 5,01 ha and the ecological capacity is 3,07 ha. So the country uses much more sources than it would have. In the following diagram the green line shows the ecological capacity of Hungary. The fluctuation of the eco-capacity can be attributed to the technologies of the agriculture (such as using chemical fertilizer and watering) preserving the local ecological system and the weather.

Ökoturizmus

The red line indicates the usage of the different kind of sources per person. The y-axis shows the average productivity of the world per hectare. According to the figures of the Cartesian coordinate system Hungary has already consumed more in 1961 than the ecological system of the country would have allowed. Lets stop for a second at this figure. It is conspicuous that the difference between the consumption and the tenability was the most in the 1980's and the past few years. These periods were characterized by unsustainable social and economic progressions. The ecology and the politics are inseparable because the ecological crisis is always followed by political, social and economic crisises. Maybe the coherence is shocking: if we confer the ecological situation of the countries, where were social crisis and wars we can draw the conclusion that the ecological and political crisises appear together.

Concepts

The ecological footprint is a measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems. It is a standardized measure of demand for natural capital that may be contrasted with the planet's biocapacity to regenerate. It represents the amount of biologically productive land and sea area necessary to supply the resources a human population consumes, and to assimilate associated waste. The sizes of the countries' ecological footprints are different. The ecological or biocapacity is the available supply of the natural resources on a given territory. Environmentally sound  behaviour means that somebody lives by preserving and taking care of the environment.  

Calculate your ecological footprint!

http://www.kothalo.hu/labnyom/

Ecotourism in practice.

Paul Siegel (WWF) said: '...we connect the environmental consciousness with the people' vacation.'

The World Organisation of Tourism summarizes the definition of the ecotourism with the following:

1. All kind of tourism which base on natural resources, where the main motivation of the tourists is the nature itself and the observation and preservation of the nature.

2. Education and the explanation of the phenomenas are related to it.

3. Usually-but not exclusively-  it is organized for small group of people and based on local ventures.

4. Minimize the harmful effects of the natural, social and cultural environment.

5. Support the protection of the nature with the followings:

  • return profit to those communities, organizations or authorities which deal with nature preserving
  • provide alternative employement  and income for the local communities
  • put a premium on preserving the natural and cultural values in the bosom of the local residents and tourists
 
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Programajánlatok/Programs

Cave tours

The visitors can choose among several cave tours. There are permanent and periodic tours, too.
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Tours on the surface

Well ellaborated study path and tour-route-system (Országos Kéktúra). Recommended map: Cartographia Gömör-Tornai karszt.
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School trips

The most important theme of the forest school is the relationship between the humans and nature and the explanation of the human-nature interaction.
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Információk/Useful information

ANPI Calendar 2012

You can check here the programs of the National Park in Aggtelek issued by the year of 2013. 
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Departure time and prices of the cave tours

You can check here the valid departure time and prices of the cave tours issed by ANPI for the year of 2012. 
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Departure time and prices of the surface tours

Here you can check the agenda 2012 valid departure time and prices for the surface tours. 
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Rólunk írták/Articles about us

Articles about us

It was written about us at the www.szallas.hu website.
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